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“The Revenant ”
作者麦克 庞克， (born 1964) ，和很多90后的父母辈是同一代人。他是常青藤盟校之一康奈尔的法学院毕业。 Michael不仅仅是一个律师 (attorney)，还是小说家(novelist)，教授(attorney)。还对政治研究是一把好手，是政策顾问( Policy Advisor)，为联邦政府工作。他还是世贸组织(WTO)的美国大使和常任代表（US Ambassador and Permanent Representative ）。
电影『荒野猎人』改编自Michael Punke的小说”The Revenant: A Novel of Revenge ”原着的记』。名字就很魔性，直译过来叫做『归来者：复仇记』。
写这本小说的灵感来自于Punke在飞机上的一瞬间。而小说的主角 Hugh Glass，确有其人。正是Glass的故事使得Punke有兴趣一写就是4年，后在2002年出版了”荒野猎人”的小说。(Punk allegedly came up with the idea to write the novel while on an airplane, after reading a couple of lines in a history book about real-life frontier fur trapper Hugh Glass The book took a total of four years to complete )
The year is 1823, and the trappers of the Rocky Mountain Fur Company live a brutal frontier life Hugh Glass is among the company’s finest men, an experienced frontiersman and an expert tracker.
But when a scouting mission puts him face-to-face with a grizzly bear, he is viciously mauled and not expected to survive. Two company men are dispatched to stay behind and tend to Glass before he dies. When the men abandon him instead, Glass is driven to survive by one desire: revenge. With shocking grit and determination, Glass sets out, crawling at first, across hundreds of miles of uncharted American frontier. Based on a true story, The Revenant is a remarkable tale of obsession, the human will stretched to its limits, and the lengths that
one man will go to for retribution.
故事发生在1823年的当时混乱的提供ag视讯玩法|开户大陆 unorganized US territory (later the Dakotas)现分为南、北达科他州。
frontiersman：/frn’trzmn/ (靠近未开发地带的) 边远的拓荒者
a scouting mission：一个侦察任务
scouting ：/‘skat/ 侦察 n
a grizzly bear：一只灰熊。
he is viciously mauled：他被（熊）狠狠地撕咬
uncharted American frontier：未知的美国边疆
uncharted：/n’tɑrtd/ 未知的 unknown
obsession：/bsn/ n困扰, 无法摆脱的思想(或情感)
stretched to its limits：达到极限
retribution：/rtr’bjun/ n (由于伤害等)应得的惩罚或赔偿
在2015年，由这本长篇小说改编的电影版荒野猎人被搬上荧幕，由美籍西班牙裔导演Alejandro改写，指导，并出品。The Revenant is a 2015 American epic historical survival western film directed, co-produced and co-written by Alejandro G. Iárritu.
The film follows Glass's quest for revenge after one of his men betrays him, kills his son, and leaves him behind after he is attacked and severely injured by a grizzly bear.
It stars Leonardo DiCaprio as Glass The Revenant won three Golden Globe Awards, five BAFTA Awards, and at the 88th Academy Awards, Iárritu, DiCaprio and Emmanuel Lubezki won the awards for Best Director, Best Actor and Best Cinematography, respectively. DiCaprio also won the Golden Globe Award for Best Actor – Motion Picture Drama, the Screen Actors Guild Award for Outstanding Performance by a Male Actor in a Leading Role, the Critics' Choice Movie Award for Best Actor and the BAFTA Award for Best Leading Actor.
A thrilling tale of betrayal and revenge set against the nineteenth-century American frontier, the astonishing story of real-life trapper and frontiersman Hugh Glass。
The word REVENANT is defined as "a person who returns, especially supposedly from the dead." There could be no better title for Michael Punke's high spirited western novel. In these pages, we discover historical fiction at its best. Though the book was published some years ago, it seems to be garnering more attention with a re-release, as well as anticipation of the movie THE REVENANT starring Leonardo DiCaprio.
At any rate, the story centers around legendary "mountain man" Hugh Glass. The time period is the early 1820's, when traders and fur companies were searching out domains in the Rocky Mountains, and in the present day states of Nebraska, Wyoming, Colorado, Montana, and the Dakotas. It is also a time only 18 years removed from the return of Lewis and Clark from the Pacific and the triumphs of the Corps of Discovery. Word had spread throughout our young nation of the vast areas of lands where a fortune might be made through the hunting and trapping of animals. The lust for furs, hides, and pelts to propitiate European buyers played a major role in this westward expansion. Thus, endeavors like The Rocky Mountain Fur Company sprang into existence and vied with one another to gain strong footholds in prime furbearer sections of the enormous Missouri Territory.