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ag最大网赌平台|官方网站听力常见搭配题中的出题结构

福州ag最大网赌平台|官方网站培训作者:朗阁海外考试中心 时间:2017-12-12 14:46

摘要:ag最大网赌平台|官方网站听力常见搭配题中的出题结构, 福州ag最大网赌平台|官方网站培训 机构老师给大家总结以下几点: l老点回顾1 - 搭配题是什么? 在前面几个章节中,笔者已经和大家探讨过何为搭配题,以及搭配题常见的出题方式。根据选项和题干的数量,搭配题一般有3种形式:多选的搭配(选项比题干少,

   ag最大网赌平台|官方网站听力常见搭配题中的出题结构,福州ag最大网赌平台|官方网站培训机构老师给大家总结以下几点:

  l老点回顾1 - 搭配题是什么?
  在前面几个章节中,笔者已经和大家探讨过“何为搭配题”,以及搭配题常见的出题方式。根据选项和题干的数量,搭配题一般有3种形式:多选的搭配(选项比题干少,有的选项会多选几次);少选的搭配(选项比题干要多,有的选项不会被选到);一一配对(选项和题干的数量正好一样)。
  l老点回顾2 - 怎么做搭配题?
  同时我们也探讨过搭配题的做题方法-做题方法根据选项的用词,可以分为“时间的搭配”,“人物的搭配”,“决定的搭配”,“句子,形容词,动词,名词的搭配”。考生首先根据选项了解是哪种出题方法,再根据做题技巧,抓重点单词。比如说,“时间的搭配”主要考察的是“时间词,老生常谈就是现在,过去,将来”三大时间考法。那么考生在音频播放的时候,主要就是记录每个小题干中出现的表达时间的含义,待全部听完时,就可以进行选项的搭配了。
  l新点更新1 - 到底要听什么?
  根据很多考生的反馈,前三种搭配题出题比较特别,也很清楚在音频播放的时候知道需要听什么。但是,对于最后一种,“句子,形容词,动词,名词的搭配”,做得非常糟糕,有种无从下手的感觉。有时就算能听懂3/4, 做的也几乎全错。这是因为很多考生认为搭配题就是靠“死听”,听得懂就能做对,听不懂也就错了。但其实考生们有没有想过,到底需要“听懂”什么?是逐个逐个的单词需要听懂?还是只需要听懂大概的意思?还是听懂考点就好了?这是大多数考生在有限的备考时间中需要认真深究的一个事实。答案其实很简单,不需要大家逐个逐个的听懂,时间代价会花费很多,也不需要大家只听懂大概的意思,因为这样不能帮助做对题目。需要大家做的是能听懂考点,考点信息绝对是永恒的,不会根据场景的变化而变化(场景变,单词就变)。那么考生在做题的过程中就会很有把握,听懂会考的,不会考的可以忽略不计,当然有些题目在出题的过程中也会走‘单词考点’这项,那么不会拼写的话,只能放弃(大胆的告诉自己,我又不是要得满分,该放弃还是要放弃,不用太纠结)。
  l新点更新2 - 到底笔记需要记什么?
  大多数考生在备考的时候,都会采取“跟听跟记”的策略,老实说这种传统的方法并不是不可取,但是在时间有限的情况下,考生是否要把此方法进行提高,不是一味地“听到什么记什么”,而是有策略的“记”-也就是专门记住所谓的考点信息。接下来在音频结束之后,能够进行有效的搭配。
  l新点更新3 - 怎么在音频中判断所谓的考点信息?
  这是一门技术活,也是搭配题的核心,大多数考生懂得“时间的搭配”,“人物的搭配”,“决定的搭配”中哪些是考点词,因为三者的特点比较明显,容易抓住考点词。但是对于“句子,形容词,动词,名词的搭配”,因为它的出题方式可以很随意,各种花样,所以考生很难掌握考点,甚至很多时候不知道到底要记什么。
  那么到底怎么帮助考生进一步了解此类搭配题怎么抓住考点信息呢?
  首先,了解搭配题的出场顺序
  探究此类题型,一般不难发现主要出现在Section 2和Section 3中(Section 1和Section 4分别参照S2和S3)。根据听力的规则,Section 2是独白,那么全文当中只能听到一个人在说话。然后Section 3是两人对话,有时会多于两人,那么全文中能听到2-3人在说话。也许很多考生会觉得这和考试记笔记有什么关系,这都是大家知道的基础信息之一,殊不知,这和考生记笔记有着密切相关的关系。通过独白以及对话的特点来探究考试的出题结构,一旦掌握结构,就能很好地了解记笔记的要素。
  其次,了解搭配题的出题结构
  对于Section 2/4的搭配题,除了结构分明的“人物的搭配”和“时间的搭配”以外,出场最多的当属“句子,形容词,动词,名词的搭配”中的“名词的搭配”。了解正确的出题结构会不会额外帮助自己加分呢?Section 2/4是一个人的独白,很少情况下,考官会在一句话中说出答案,大多数都是先小定位,接下来迷惑(类似答案),然后再否定,再给出正确答案。那么一般考生只要记住否定后的答案。否定的方法常见的为“时间先后的对比”(过去和现在,将来和现在的比较,弄清楚发生的时间段);“否定词的用法”(转折,而不是,虽然等)。同时,考生们需要注意到一点,很少情况下考官会把一分送给我们(音频和文本选项几乎没有发生改变)。大家应该都清楚ag最大网赌平台|官方网站四门科目均考查“同义转换”,但是只有转得很难的时候,才会发生很大的改变,大多数情况下,同义转换都是单词和词组,或者和句子之间的,那么考生在记笔记的时候,范围就能缩小很多。除此之外,考生应当清楚,“名词的搭配”主要记的是名词或形容词+名词的结构,“动词的搭配”主要记的是动词或动词+名词,“形容词的搭配”主要记的是形容词或形容词+名词。
  例如:C10T2S2
  Questions 15-20
  Which feature is related to each of the following areas of the world represented in the playground?
  Choose SIX answers from the box and write the correct letter, A-l, next to questions 15-20.
  Features A ancient forts B waterways C ice and snow D jewels E local animals F mountains G music and film H space travel I volcanoes
  Areas of the world
  15Asia...........
  16Antarctica...........
  17South America...........
  18North America...........
  19Europe...........
  20Africa...........
  解析:根据搭配题的划分,此搭配为“名词的搭配”(选项都是名词);
  根据做题方法:S1: 划题干(15-20), 大概了解各个单词的发音,很完美的定位。S2: 划选项(A-I), 大概扫一遍。S3属性分析,找出总结的特殊属性,没有。但是注意A, E都是形容词+名词结构(音频出现也会如此);
  结构猜测:由于这是S2的搭配,属于个人独白,考官不会定位结束后就给出正确答案。所以,结构应该为:小定位+答案(送分结构),小定位+迷惑答案+否定(时间词/否定词/转折词)+正确答案。
  音频:
  And now, moving on to the Central Park Playground, which we're pleased to announce has just won the Douglas Award for safety: the news came through only last week. The unique design is based on the concept of the Global Village, with the playground being divided into six areas showing different parts of the world - each with a representative feature. For example, there is a section on Asia, and this is represented by rides and equipment in the shape of snakes, orang-utans, tigers and so on - fauna native to the forests of the region. Q15 Moving south to the Antarctic - we couldn't run to an ice rink I'm afraid but opted instead for climbing blocks in the shape of mountains Q16 - I thought they could have had slides for the glaciers but the designers did want to avoid being too literal! Then on to South America- and here the theme is El Dorado - games replicating the search for mines full of precious stones. Q17 And then moving up to North America, here there was considerable debate- I know the contribution of cinema and jazz was considered but the designers finally opted for rockets and the International Space Station. Q18 Eastwards to Europe then, and perhaps the most traditional choice of all the areas: medieval castles and other fortifications. Q19 Then last, but not least, moving south to Africa and a whole set of wonderful mosaics and trails to represent the great rivers of this fascinating and varied continent. Q20
  Q15: 定位Asia+答案snakes, orangutans, tigers, native(送分结构);选E
  Q16: 定位Antarctic+迷惑答案couldn’t run ice+否定but, instead+正确答案mountains; 排除C, 选F
  Q17: 定位South America+答案precious stones(送分结构);待定
  Q18: 定位North America+迷惑答案cinema, jazz+否定but+正确答案rocks, international space station; 排除G, 选H
  Q19: 定位Europe+答traditional, castles, fortification(送分结构);选A
  Q20: 定位Africa+答mosaics, trails, rivers(送分结构);选B
  回到Q17, 根据排除,最接近为Jewels, 选D
  对于Section 1/3的搭配,出场顺序最多的当属“句子/短语的搭配”。根据上述所说,S1/3主要是对话形式,2-3人之间的对话,那么出题结果很有可能变成“一人定位,另一人给出答案”,当然也不排除可能是“自己定位,自己给出答案”这种结构。除此之外,很多考生忽视搭配题的大题干信息,但是对于S1/3来说,因为主要是句子/短语的搭配,所以大题干信息非常重要,通过对题干的掌握,考生可以很清楚地了解答题结构,就会知道要记什么。一般而言,此类搭配题的大题干会给出两个常考信息,简单来说,就是“好-不好”和“不好-好”。这是一个时间段的变化,因为不好/好,所以要好/不好。乍看起来比较难理解,其实就是在题干中出现的单词,会表达以上两种意思的其中一种,表达一个时间先后。根据大题干信息,考生在接下来的音频主要会听以下结构:好/不好(迷惑答案)+为什么(废话)/结果(废话)+不好/好(转折/所以)+正确答案。一目了然,考生可以清楚自己需要记下什么信息。同时了解清楚,“句子或者短语的搭配”主要记形容词+名词,或者动词+名词的结构。
  例如:C10T3S3
  Questions 26-30
  What action is needed for the following stages in doing the 'year abroad' option?
  Choose FIVE answers from the box and write the correct letter, A-G, next to questions 26-30.
  Action A be on time B get a letter of recommendation C plan for the final year D make sure the institution's focus is relevant E show ability in Theatre Studies F make travel arrangements and bookings G ask for help
  Stages in doing the 'year abroad' option
  26in the second year of the course
  27when first choosing where to go
  28when sending in your choices
  29when writing your personal statement
  30when doing the year abroad
  解析:根据搭配题的划分,此搭配为“句子/短语的搭配”(选项是句子+短语);
  根据做题方法:S1: 划题干(26-30), 26 second year, 27 first choosing, 28 sending in your choices, 29 personal statement, 30 year abroad。S2: 划选项(A-G), A on time, B recommendation, C plan for final year, D institution’s focus relevant, E show ability, F travel arrangement and booking, G ask for help。S3属性分析,A时间;
  结构猜测:这是“句子/短语的搭配”,又出现在S3, 也许是一人定位,一人答案。比较简单的时候是定位后,直接给出答案。同时注意大题干信息,Need(不好-好),所以结构可能是:小定位+不好(不用记)+原因/结果(废话)+所以/转折+答案好的(记)。
  音频:
  ROB: But while you're here, Mia, I wanted to ask you about the year abroad option. Would you recommend doing that?
  MIA: Yes, definitely. It's a fantastic chance to study in another country for a year.
  ROB: I think I'd like to do it, but it looks very competitive - there's only a limited number of places.
  MIA: Yes, so next year when you are in the second year of the course, you need to work really hard in all your theatre studies modules. Only students with good marks get places -you have to prove that you know your subject really well. Q26
  ROB: Right. So how did you choose where to go?
  MIA: Well. I decided I wanted a programme that would fit in with what I wanted to do after I graduate, so I looked for a university with emphasis on acting rather than directing for example. It depends on you. Q27 Then about six months before you go, you have to email the scheme coordinator with your top three choices. I had a friend who missed the deadline and didn't get her first choice, so you do need to get a move on at that stage. Q28 You'll find that certain places are very popular with everyone.
  ROB: And don't you have to write a personal statement at that stage?
  MIA: Yes.
  ROB: Right. I'll get some of the final year students to give me some tips Q29 ... maybe see if I can read what they wrote.
  MIA: I think that's a very good idea. I don't mind showing you what I did. And while you're abroad don't make the mistake I made. I got so involved I forgot all about making arrangements for when I came back here for the final year. Make sure you stay in touch so they know your choices for the optional modules. Q30 You don't want to miss out doing your preferred specialisms.
  ROB: Right.
  Q26: 小定位second year+答案好的need work hard, prove; 选E
  Q27: 小定位choose+答案好的fit in, acting rather than directing; 选D
  Q28: 小定位email choices+不好miss deadline, didn‘t get(不用记)+所以/转折so+答案好的get a move on that(记);时间A
  Q29: 小定位personal statement+答案好的give tips; 选G
  Q30: 小定位year abroad+不好so involved, making arrangements(不用记)+所以/转折+答案好的keep in touch, modules(记);排除法,arrangements出现在不好的里面(或arrangements前面的travel没有)排除F, keep in touch和recommendation没有关系排除B, 最接近选C(arrangements和plan是同义转换)。

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